On 31 January 2017, the ECJ rendered its judgment in Case C-573/14 following a question for a preliminary ruling referred by the Belgium Conseil d’État. The Conseil d’Etat asked under what circumstances an applicant for asylum can be excluded from refugee status for ‘acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations’ where he has been convicted in a criminal court of participation in the activities of a terrorist group but has not himself committed a terrorist act.
The Court found that an application for asylum can be rejected if the asylum seeker has participated in the activities of a terrorist network. It is not necessary that the asylum seeker personally committed terrorist acts, or instigated such acts, or participated in their commission.
A detailed summary is available online via the following link: Link
The judgment is available via the following link: Link